emulsion and seaweed extract are the best store-bought natural
fertilizers. You should follow the directions on the labels or
make your own fertilizers:
I’ve read that the active ingredients in compost actually help
control disease and shoo away insects. You should use composted
manure, not dehydrated manure for this recipe. Simply add 1 cup
of compost to 1 gallon of water and 1 teaspoon of blackstrap molasses
to a bucket and let sit for at least 2 weeks. Spray on the leaves
as a foliar feed or drench the soil.
Stinging Nettles Tea or Comfrey Tea
Mix these greens together or use them separately. Chop enough
of the greens to fill a 5-gallon bucket half Full. Fill the bucket
with chlorine-free water because the chlorine destroys the good
stuff (beneficial microbes). Let sit for a week. Spray on the
leaves or drench the soil.
Pest and Disease Remedies
soap, rotenone/pyrethrum liquid spray,
and diatomaceous earth for horticultural use (silica particles
from the skeletal remains of sea creatures that penetrate the
bodies of insects on contact-sold as a dust) are good store-bought
natural pest remedies. Follow the directions on the labels.
spray for Aphids
½ to 1 cup alcohol with a quart of water. Do not spray the entire
plant until you have done a test leaf. Spray one leaf. Wait a
day. If it shows signs of burning, do not use alcohol on the plant.
Never use in the heat of the day in the sun.
Traps for Slugs
Put some cheap beer in saucers. Place the saucers every 3 to 4
feet around the plants that are being eaten. The slugs will crawl
into the beer and drown.
Tea for Damping Off
Spray seedlings with a hot water infusion
of chamomile tea to prevent the disease.
Citrus Spray for Aphids
This is a good spray for aphids
or any other soft-bodied bugs. Boil 2 cups of water in a glass
or stainless steel pot. Remove from the burner and add the peel
of one lemon or one grapefruit. Cover the pot and let steep overnight.
Mix ½ water and ½ citrus liquid. The spray must come in contact
with the insects' body to be effective. Spray as needed.
Liquid Soap (found in health food stores)
Add ½ teaspoon to a quart of water and spray for insects
sprays have a petroleum distillate carrier for natural botanical
insecticides. Never use them on a sunny day, and be sure plants
are watered well before spraying.
under the Safer brand name. You will find it in any garden store.
The concentrate is a better buy than any others.
is the brand. Follow directions on the label. This spray is very
effective, especially if not overused.
Spray for Rusts
1 cup sulfured molasses
1 cup powdered milk (optional)
1 gallon water
1 cup seaweed powder (optional)
1 cup rock powder (optional)
If you are using only molasses, stir into water and use. If using
all ingredients, mix molasses and powders and make into a paste.
Wrap 1 cup of the paste in a panty hose. Put in the water, and
let sit for 2 to 4 hours. Strain and spray.
Three Sprays for Powdery Mildew
Mix ¼ teaspoon baking soda with a quart of water and spray every
2 days until it is gone.
1 ½ TBS baking soda, 1 TBS insecticidal soap, and 1 TBS canola
oil with 1 cup water. Add 1 TBS vinegar LAST, otherwise it might
bubble over. Pour into a sprayer that holds more than a gallon.
Add a gallon of water. Shake or stir. Spray plant covering tops
and bottoms of leaves.
1 gallon warm water with 3 TBS baking soda and 1 TBS Murphy's
Oil Soap. Spray plants as soon as you see a grayish coat on
the leaves. Spray every 7 to 10 days until daytime temperatures
go up to 70 degrees. On plants with chronic powdery mildew problems
(beebalm, phlox) use this spray as a preventive. Spray once
or twice in early spring before it appears. If you notice it,
remove all affected leaves, spray with this solution, prune
or trim to improve air circulation, and make sure the plants
are not stressed by other problems like drought. Stressed plants
are susceptible to diseases and pests.
Spray for Leafminers
½ cup rhubarb leaves, shredded
3 quarts water
Put leaves in a pot and bring water to a boil. Steep for at least
an hour, overnight if possible. Blend the solution. Strain and
Potted plants should be turned upside down and sprayed with
a strong jet of water to dislodge aphids, whiteflies, and mites.